Dengue Fever: Dengue Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis And Prevention
Dengue fever is one of the most dangerous fever in the world and it is infected by a mosquito. Young children and those who have never experienced infection might also have a milder infection than older children and adults. Dengue frequently causes signs and symptoms which might be similar to different diseases along with flu, measles, and typhoid fever and so forth. So, we are here to tell you about Dengue Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis And Prevention which can help you to be safe.
How is Dengue Fever Caused and Spread?
Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever spread from human-to-mosquito-to-human by means of the chunk of mosquitoes sporting the dengue virus. The dengue virus belongs to a collection referred to as Flavivirus and may be commonly divided into four viral serotypes, DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4, which can be closely associated but a range of their antigens.
Many species of mosquitoes below the genus Aedes transmit dengue; especially, the Aedes aegypti species is maximum typically related to it and the essential purpose of dengue transmission. This species of mosquito breeds in stagnant waters and usually bites at some stage in daylight.
The virus circulates in the blood for two-7 days after a person is infected, for the duration of which period a mosquito biting the man or woman would accumulate it and in turn bites and infects another man or woman.
If you contract dengue fever, signs commonly begin about four to seven days after the initial infection. In many instances, symptoms will be mild. They may be unsuitable for symptoms of the flu or every other infection. Young children and those who have never experienced infection might also have a milder infection than older children and adults.
Dengue Symptoms normally closing for about 10 days and can include:
> Surprising, excessive fever (up to 106 tiers Fahrenheit)
> An excessive headache
> Swollen lymph glands
> Excessive joint and muscle pains
> Skin rash (performing among and 5 days after the preliminary fever)
> Mild to intense nausea
> Slight to extreme vomiting
> Moderate bleeding from the nostril or gums
> Slight bruising at the pores and skin
> Febrile convulsions
How Do You Diagnose Dengue Fever?
Diagnosis of dengue is taken into consideration whilst unexpected high fever is followed by means of the extreme body, muscle or joint ache. It is vital to be evaluated whilst a person develops fever inside weeks of being in the tropics or sub-tropics. Dengue frequently causes signs and symptoms which might be similar to different diseases along with flu, measles, and typhoid fever and so forth.
Hence investigations are usually carried out to exclude other disorder conditions. Usually, the blood of the affected person is tested for the presence of antibodies and virus. Diagnosis of dengue infection may be completed by means of the following strategies:
> Isolating the virus with the aid of accumulating serum sample from sufferers within five days of the appearance of signs.
> Detection of particular antibodies may be carried out through collecting serum within 6 days after onset of symptoms. The serum is examined for specific anti-dengue antibodies with the aid of Enzyme-connected Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Titres of IgM and IgG antibodies growth 4-fold in a serum sample.
How Do You Prevent Dengue Fever?
Following certain fundamental steps is surely the only manner to prevent and combat dengue. the most preventive measure is to protect yourself from the mosquito bite. Daily female mosquitoes bite in the daytime. You can protect yourself and your family by taking these major preventive measures:
> still water is the major reason where mosquitoes breed.you should take proper care of the surroundings like your garden, flowerpots, buckets, swimming pool, barrels, buckets etc. especially where you find water stagnant, just try to clean it once in a week. if you want to store water keep it in a closed bin.
> you must have heard about the bleaching powder, it is a very good agent to stop the breeding of mosquitoes in stagnant water pools.
> avoid wearing short sleeve shirts and dresses that revile your body. Because mosquitoes need a protein that is helpful to produce eggs. To prevent being bitten, use mosquito repellents, whether at one or at your workplace.childrens should always apply some mosquito repellent after taking bath.
> mosquito nets will be harmful if you go for a picnic or you want to sit in gardens.mosquitoes are generally not found in air-conditioned rooms.
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